ADHD awareness

May 9, 2008

ADHD Delays Growth of Certain Brain Areas

Filed under: ADHD,children — by buyangyang @ 5:42 am
Tags: , , ,

as posted in everydayhealth.com

While some regions of the brain mature a few years late in youngsters with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), their brains do develop in a normal pattern, concludes a study by researchers at the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

They found that the delay in brain maturation in children with ADHD was most prominent in regions at the front of the brain’s outer mantle (cortex), which is involved in thinking, planning and attention.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brains of 223 children with ADHD revealed that half of 40,000 cortex sites attained peak thickness at an average age of 10.5, compared to age 7.5 in a group of children without ADHD.

However, both youngsters with ADHD and those without the disorder showed a similar back-to-front progression of brain maturation with different regions peaking in thickness at different times.

“Finding a normal pattern of cortex maturation, albeit delayed, in children with ADHD should be reassuring to families and could help to explain why many youth eventually seem to grow out of the disorder,” research team leader Dr. Philip Shaw, of the NIHM Child Psychiatry Branch, said in a prepared statement.

The study was published this week in the online edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

These findings support the theory that ADHD is caused by a delay in cortex maturation, the researchers said. They plan to investigate the genetic roots of this delay and methods of promoting recovery from ADHD.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about ADHD.

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1 Comment »

  1. Press Release Avoid Summer Brain Drain

    Press Release
    FORIMMEDIATE RELEASE

    Contact: Kyle Hall
    Phone: 828.225.5522
    khall@playattention.net

    10 Tips to Avoid Summer Brain Drain

    ASHEVILLE, North Carolina—May 09, 2008—Summer vacation means sleeping late, long lazy days in front of the TV, trips to the pool, and losing one to three month’s math and reading gains made over the prior year. According to ADHD expert and veteran educator, Peter Freer, academic losses are so common among students that educators have given the phenomena a name: Summer Brain Drain.

    Freer says that with a little planning, math and reading losses can be minimized and give your child a head-start on the next school year.

    1. Read. Maintain an adequate supply of reading materials at home. It won’t cost you a cent if you go to the library. You can read to your children, have a quiet reading time at home (no music, TV, or computer), and discuss the plot of their book.

    2. Invite math into your home. Math is a common part of everyday living including cooking. So get the kids involved in making dinner and measuring cups, teaspoons, ounces, and pounds. Family projects like painting can be a great way to learn to calculate square footage.

    3. Games. Board games like Monopoly and trivia games require reading and math skills. Computer games like Play Attention® teach skills like concentration, memory, and finishing homework. Remember, there’s a vast difference between entertainment and edutainment!

    4. Camps. Churches and community centers offer special day camps for painting, crafts, drawing, etc. Your local library offers special reading camps. Most of these are low-cost ways to stay sharp.

    5. Physical activity. Believe it or not, scientific evidence tells us that physical activity promotes learning. That’s right; the brain tends to learn more when the body is active. Play with your kids in structured and unstructured activities. It will decrease your beltline and increase their self –esteem.

    6. Money. Kids are motivated by money as much or more than adults. A lemonade stand is an inexpensive way to keep math in your life. Allowance earned from chores is a good way to learn math. Even collecting loose change around the house is a motivational way to learn counting and addition when the result is a trip to the store!

    7. Special trips. Plan a special trip to the zoo, a national park, a museum, or art gallery. Allow your kids to plan the trip with you using the computer to find out the distance traveled, hours in the car, and what you might like to do along the way. Reading and math are naturals here!

    8. Have fun. Study after study has shown that we learn best when we enjoy what we’re doing. So no matter what activity you’ve planned, make certain it’s fun for all.

    9. Reward. Rewards can be something as simple as a smile and a “Good job!” Rewards can be as sweet as an ice cream cone or soda pop. To reward good reading, a trip to the store with your child to get his favorite magazine is a very nice way of saying thank you!

    10. Don’t overdo any of the tips. Overdoing any activity will turn your kids off learning and back on the computer or TV.

    ###

    Peter Freer has appeared on Good Morning America and NBC News, in Delta Sky Magazine, The Washington Post, Boston Globe, Woman’s World, Teacher Magazine, and spoken at NASA and the United Nations.

    Contact: Kyle Hall
    FORIMMEDIATE RELEASE
    Phone: 828.225.5522
    khall@playattention.net

    Comment by Kyle Hall — May 9, 2008 @ 3:54 pm |Reply


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